Import hardware tokens
When you purchase OATH tokens, they are delivered with a key file (also called a seed file) that contains all OATH keys for the tokens. This OATH key file must be imported to the OTP Server database used to be able to assign the OATH key to specific users.
The OATH key file format must be one of the following:
- Semicolon separated file.
PSKC format (RFC 6030)
- NOTE: PSKC RFC 6030 version 1.0 is the official version. RFC 6030 versions 1.1 and 1.2 are drafts and are not supported.
- NOTE: Token encryption with Pre-Shared-Key is supported. Other encryption methods are not supported.
Before you begin start by taking a full backup of the system
Prepare the system
Start by verifying that the two directories used for token import are present (otherwise create them):
Installing the import module
The hardware token import module will automatically be installed and activated when hardware tokens are enabled. There are two ways to enable hardware tokens:
- Enable hardware tokens from the application "MFA Admin"
- Enable hardware tokens from the application "Self Service"
Enabling hardware tokens can be done either when using the guide to activate the application for the first time, or from the edit view, see example for "MFA Admin" below:
Importing tokens from PSKC file
Tokens are automatically imported. A token can only be imported once.
Place the import file in the <path_to_phenixid_server_root>/tokensin/ directory. Once processed it will be moved to <path_to_phenixid_server_root>/tokensout/.
Note: The file must have the extension .xml
Information regarding encrypted tokens in PSKC file
Many token vendors will send the PSKC file with encrypted data.
This means that we need a corresponding key file to decrypt the data, when doing the import.
The key file must be placed in the same directory as the PSKC file.
Make sure that the key file name is matched in the PSKC file.
Key file must contain only the key itself, not any additional text.
Example extracted from PSKC file:
<EncryptionKey> <ds:KeyName>Pre-shared-key</ds:KeyName> </EncryptionKey>
In this example the key file name MUST be "Pre-shared-key".
If this file is not in place or if the name does not match, the import will fail and a message will be written to log, indicating that the file cannot be found.
Other encrytion methods than Pre-shared-key, such as PassPhrase are not supported.
Using CSV as import file
For scenarios where token file format not complies with the PSKC 1.0 format it is possible to create a import file using CSV format. The value of the key has to be HEX encoded.
Note: The file must have the extension .csv
The syntax then must match the following:
- For HOTP: HOTP;serial;key;counter ( or serial;key;counter )
- For TOTP: TOTP;serial;SHA;key;epoch;timeinterval;otplength
When importing HOTP tokens where otp length is not set, an additional configuration parameter (otp_length) can be set on the hardware token import module. This value defaults to 6 but sometimes the token has 8 as otp length. This can be changed under the ADVANCED tab.
Importing Yubikey tokens
Note: The file must have the extension .yubikey
The syntax then must match:
where id, password and timestamp are not used.
When importing yubikey tokens where otp length is not set, an additional configuration parameter (otp_length) can be set on the hardware token import module. This value defaults to 6 but sometimes the yubikey token has 8 as otp length. This can be changed under the ADVANCED tab.